Poker tournament is a competitive contest when the organizer specifies the type of poker to be played and tournament rules. As one of the players you are trying to win all you competitors’ game chips in order to eliminate them from the tournament. The tournament usually starts with multiple game tables and players are randomly assigned to tables. All players will have the same starting position: they will have the same number of game chips that can be used for betting. If a player loses all his or her chips, this player is eliminated. Over time, as more and more players are eliminated, the tables are merged until there is only one table left. Depending on the rules, the game finishes when one player won all the game chips. Sometimes several players (finalists) receive the reward.
There are several different types of poker tournaments. For example, one of the types is the shootout tournament. Here the players on each table play until there is only one person left – the table winner. These table winners then play against each other until there is only one tournament winner left. The tournaments where the tables are joined together belong to the multi-table (or elimination) tournaments category. Another category would be the re-buy tournaments category. Here during the early game phase players are not eliminated when they lose all the game chips and are allowed to purchase additional chips to continue the game.
Freeroll tournaments are essentially the same as multi-table (elimination) tournaments except that they don’t require an entry fee. Entries are usually restricted and the there are usually some type of reward for the tournament champion. Sit and go tournaments are smaller version of poker tournaments (usually for about 10 participants) that start when all the spaces are occupied. Several finalists usually split the award. Qualifiers, or satellites, are smaller prequalification tournaments created to allow its winners to participate in some specific larger tournament for a smaller fee.
Some tournament rules and procedures (like random table assignment) are the very similar for all categories. For example, most tournaments will allow raising the betting limits as the game progresses and players are eliminated. Also players are usually not allowed to demonstrate any cards during the dealing cycle. Inappropriate behavior is punished and may cause tournament elimination. There are also rules for card deck change. Usually the rules don’t allow changing the deck on demand, only when the dealers swap. There are many other rules and these are just the most common examples.